A new band?
No. Some bees will make their home underground. The wasp, commonly called an eastern yellow jacket, of the genus Vespula is one that will take advanatge of an underground space if available.
The queen overwinters and starts the nest early in spring. At first the eggs laid become daughter workers, but later in summer the males and future queens are produced which then disperse and mate with the future queens then overwintering to repeat the process next spring.
One day I noticed these wasps flying in and out of some bushes right in front of our house. I observed and looked in the bushes and found they were going into a hole in the ground. It looked like a chipmunk sized hole. Pretty obviously they were living underground. A chipmunk nest, or more specifically the cache where it stores its food can be a sizeable cavity.
We left the nest alone and did nothing other than observe over the summer. One day in early September I noticed what looked like trash on the sidewalk in front of the bushes. A closer observation showed it was a bee’s nest.
Getting down low I peeked under bushes and saw more pieces of the nest. Finally I pulled the bushes away from the house and found a basketball sized hole in the dirt.
Taking a guess here, some predator (perhaps a skunk or raccoon), must have discovered the nest during the night, dug down and tore it apart. The roots of the bushes were completely cut or torn away so whatever attacked the nest must have been a good digger (I’m leaning towards a skunk). The nest, torn apart, probably resulted from the hungry predator looking for the grubs to eat.
Sadly, doing a search for “yellow jacket underground nest” yields many results all about how to get rid of the nest. I’m happy we did not try to get rid of the nest and that nature worked things out. But I also feel a bit bad for the wasps. It must be traumatic to have your home completely torn apart in the middle of the night.
Here’s a shot of the wasps that, for a time, had their home next to our home.